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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines


The Journal publishes manuscripts written in the English and Bahasa Malaysia. Manuscript submitted to the journal for publication should be original contribution and must not have been previously published or is under consideration simultaneously by any other publication. The manuscript should be typed with double spacing, single column in Cambria with font size 12 on A4 paper not exceeding 25 pages, not more than 6 figures and 6 tables.

Please use this template : ZULFAQAR JDSET Template



Title and Authorship Information:

Title page should start with the type of manuscript (Research, Review Article, Short Communications, etc). This should be concise, short, specific and explain the nature of the work. The names of all authors (first name, middle initial, last name) including their departmental and institutional addresses should also be included. The name of the corresponding author along with E-mail should be provided. An asterisk (*) should be added to the right of the corresponding author’s name. His or her affiliation should be indicated by superscripts 1, 2, 3,…… placed after each author’s name and before each affiliation.



The abstract must be a single unstructured paragraph of no more than 200 words describing the scope, hypothesis or rationale for the work and the main findings. Abstract should be written in the past tense and presented without subheadings. No reference should be cited in this section.

Key words:

Immediately after the abstract, about 3-5 key words should be provided, which will be used for indexing purposes. Key words should be separated by commas and words from title should avoid repeating as key words.



Introduction should be short and precise. It should describe the basic principles of research, earlier background work and the aim of the present study. Hypothesis to be tested should be specified. Summary of the results should be avoided. Extensive discussion of relevant literature should be included in the discussion section.


Materials and Methods:

Only new techniques and modifications to known methods need to be described in detail. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference. Include the supplier name and the manufacturer of any chemical or apparatus not in common use. Appropriate statistical methods should be used and indicate the probability level (P) at which differences were considered significant. If data are presented in the text, state what they represent (e.g. means ± SEM). Indicate whether data were transformed before analysis. Specify any statistical computer programs used.



Results should be clear and concise using tables or figures when feasible. The text should elaborate on the tabular data. It should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the authors' experiments. Sufficient data with some index of variation attached should be presented for proper interpretation of the results of the experiment.



Discussion should be able to interpret the results clearly and concisely in relation to previous findings, whether in support, against, or simply as added data to provide the reader with a broad base on which to accept or reject the hypotheses tested. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate.



The significant or unique findings should be highlighted in this section. Its content should not substantially duplicate the abstract. Recommendation might be given.



The Acknowledgments of people, grants, funding agency, etc should be brief.



Manuscripts must conform to the references in Zulfaqar Journal of Defence Science, Engineering & Technology style which is the IEEE manual of Style. The references style adopted should be consistent throughout the manuscript. Below are examples of referencing for IEEE Manual of Style.


IEEE Manual of Style

In-text Reference Citations

Examples of in-text citations:


"...end of the line for my research [13]."


"This theory was first put forward in 1987 [1]."


"Scholtz [2] has argued that..."


"Several recent studies [3, 4, 15, 16] have suggested that...."


"For example, see [7]."


List of Reference

The citation style includes in-text citations, numbered in square brackets, which refer to the full citation listed in the reference list at the end of the paper. The reference list is organized numerically, not alphabetically. Citations such as manuscript in preparation or manuscript submitted are not permitted. The following format should be adhered to:



[1]   Hashim, F. R., Introduction to Zulfaqar Journal of Defense Science, Engineering & Technology (1st edition), Kuala Lumpur: UPNM Press, 2020. 


Periodic Article / Journal

[2]   Hashim, F. R., Jelani, J., Jamaludin, M. A., Shaharuddin, S., & Marzukhi, S., “Introduction to Zulfaqar Journal of Defense Science, Engineering & Technology,” Journal of Defense Science, Engineering & Technology, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2020, pp. 1-10. 



[3]  Hashim, F. R., “Introduction to Zulfaqar Journal of Defense Science, Engineering & Technology,” (accessed July 30, 2020). 


Thesis / Dissertation

[4]  Hashim, F. R., “Introduction to Zulfaqar Journal of Defense Science, Engineering & Technology,” Ph.D. Thesis, National Defense University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2020.


Conference Proceeding

[5]  Hashim, F. R., Jelani, J., Jamaludin, M. A., Shaharuddin, S., & Marzukhi, S., “Introduction to Journal of Defense Science, Engineering & Technology,” 2020 Defense Science & Technology Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, August 15-16, 2020, pp. 1-10. 


Manual / Handbook

[6]  Zulfaqar Journal Defense Science, Engineering & Technology Manual, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2020.


Unpublished Article

[7]  Hashim, F. R., Jelani, J., Jamaludin, M. A., Shaharuddin, S., & Marzukhi, S., Discussion on Zulfaqar Journal of Defense Science, Engineering & Technology, Jun, 2020. 



[8]  Hashim, F. R., & Jelani, J. “How to Write JDSET,” Malaysia Patent 123456789, June 30, 2020. 


Technical Report / Report

[9]  Hashim, F. R., & Jelani, J., “How to Write JDSET”, UPNM Press, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2020.




It is the author's responsibility to ensure that his or her submitted work does not infringe any existing copyright. Authors should obtain permission to reproduce or adapt copyrighted material and provide evidence of approval upon submitting the final version of a manuscript.



Manuscripts will be reviewed by the Editorial Board and at least one independent referee. Decisions regarding the publication of a manuscript will be based on the Board's recommendations. The manuscript will be evaluated based on its appropriateness for JDSET, contribution to the discipline, cogency of analysis, conceptual breadth, clarity of presentation and technical adequacy. Manuscripts submitted by members of the journal's Editorial Board are subjected to the same review procedure.



One set of proofs will be sent to the author(s) to be checked for printer's errors and it is the responsibility of the author(s) to submit corrections to the Editorial Board.



Opinions expressed in the journal are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the editors, or the publisher. Material published in the JDSET is copyrighted in its favour. As such, no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or any information retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.


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